We are all different and have developed unique personalities over the years. We have gone through different experiences in life and these have in no small measure contributed to the personality we possess today. These experiences have had influences on how we think, talk and live. They also determine to a large extent to the choice of business, career, relationships we are in today. Each individual has his own unique characteristics, attributes and attitudes that make them who they are today.
I cannot write about personality types without making reference to the work done by Katherine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers who developed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator that helps in the identification of individual personality types. Their work was based on the theory propounded by Carl Jung that there are four principal psychological functions - sensation, intuition, feeling and thinking- through which human beings feel the world and it emphasized that one of these is dominant for an individual most of the time. There are a total of sixteen personality types we shall be examining in this article. You may be able to place yourself in at least one category.
16 Personality TypesThese are the sixteen personality types with a brief explanation of each of them:
1. ISTJ (Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judgment) - The Duty Fulfiller
They are usually serious minded people who love a
feeling of security and peaceful living. They are responsible, dedicated and thorough in all they are involved in. People in this group are good at concentration and are usually interested in supporting and promoting tradition. They work towards the accomplishment of any goal they set their mind to.
2. ISTP (Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Perception) - The Mechanic
They are usually quiet and more interested in how and the way things work; usually are good with mechanical things; are risk takers; talented in sport activities; analytical; and do well in searching for solutions to practical problems of life. They live for the moment with the belief that tomorrow will take care of itself.
3. ISFJ (Introversion, Sensing, Feeling, Judging) - The Nurturer
Those in this category are usually quiet and kind; very reliable and usually follow through on issues; they are always considerate of the needs of others before thinking of theirs; they are stable in their mind and very practical when handling issues of life; they also value tradition and have a well developed sense of space and function; they can easily observe and understand people and are always interested in serving others.
4. ISFP (Introversion, Sensing, Feeling, Perception) - The Artist
This class of people are serious minded, sensitive and kind to others. They always like to avoid conflict or anything that will cause conflict in relationship, career or business; they are open minded, original and creative; usually loyal and committed; they have well developed senses and appreciate beauty; they do not desire to lead or control others.
5. INFJ (Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, Judging) - The Protector
This class of people are very sensitive and original; they stick to things till they accomplish them; are highly intuitive about people and genuinely care for their feelings; they stick to their values and persevere in anything they are involved in; they are forceful in nature; they are able to understand what others may be experiencing.
6. INFP (Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, Perception) - The Idealist
They are usually quiet and reflective; mostly interested in serving people; maintain good values; are loyal to a fault; they adapt to situations easily; are usually laid back and are talented writers; they are sharp mentally and are able to see possibilities in the midst of difficulties; they show interest in understanding and helping other people.
7. INTJ (Introversion, Intuition, Thinking, Judgment) - The Scientist
This kind of people are independent minded, analytical and very determined; they possess an exceptional ability to transform theories into solid action plans; they value knowledge very much and are highly competent; they are goal driven; natural leaders who love proper structure; they think and plan for the long term.
8. INTP (Introversion, Intuition, Thinking, Perceiving) - The Thinker
are logical and creative thinkers; they do not have interest in leading or following other people; are quiet and reserved; individualistic; exceptionally capable and are driven to turn theories to clear understandings; they value knowledge; are competent and logical in reasoning; they are original; not easily understood by others.
9. ESTP (Extraversion, Sensing, Thinking, Perception) - The Doer
This personality type is friendly and action-oriented; they are doers and are committed to getting results in anything they do; they take risks and live fast paced lifestyles; loyalty to friends; do not usually respect laws and rules; they have great people skills; usually impatient with long explanations; they can adapt to any situation.
10. ESTJ (Extraversion, Sensing, Thinking, Judgment) - The Guardian
They are usually practical and organized; likely to join athletics; they are not interested in theory unless they have practical application; they have clear vision of how things should be; very loyal and hardworking; usually like to be in charge; exceptionally capable in organizing things; they are good citizens and value security and peaceful living.
11. ESFP (Extrovert, Sensing, Feeling, Perception) - The Performer
They are people-oriented and fun loving; they like to be the centre of attraction; they have a well developed common sense and practicability; they like to serve others; like to be the centre of attraction; also dislike theory; they are the fun of the party and love to have new experiences.
12. ESFJ (Extraversion, Sensing, Feeling, Judgment) - The Caregiver
They are warm hearted, popular and dedicated; they like to be encouraged feel good about themselves; they put the needs of others over theirs and they love to experience new things.
13. ENFP (Extraversion, Intuition, Feeling, Perception) - The Inspirer
These ones are creative and idealistic. They also possess great people skills; usually excited by new ideas but bored with following the process; have a broad range of interests.
14. ENFJ (Extraversion, Intuition, Feeling, Judgment)- The Giver
They have great people skills and feel real concern for others; they are also very effective at managing people; have interest in serving others and place the needs of others over theirs.
15. ENTP (Extroversion, Intuition, Thinking, Perception) - The Visionary
They are creative and very resourceful; intellectually sharp and very good in a lot of things; they enjoy the company of people and are excited about new ideas and projects.
16. ENTJ (Extraversion, Intuition, Thinking, Judgment) - The Executive
This personality type is assertive and very outspoken. They have an excellent ability to solve difficult issues. They are well informed and intelligent; good public speakers. They value knowledge and are not patient with disorganized settings.